Appendix 1a. Normal daily maintenance IV fluids in children 1 month
Indications
Basic hydration needs^{1 } for patients unable to drink sufficiently. After 48 hours, it is essential to provide nutrition to the patient orally or by nasogastric tube and to gradually reduce IV fluids.
This protocol should not be used for surgical or burns patients, those with renal, cardiac disease or diabetic ketoacidosis.
Fluid to be administered
The fluid of choice in children is Ringer lactate-Glucose 5% (RL-G5%). Use a premixed solution if available. If not, add 50 ml of G50% to 500 ml of RL or 100 ml of G50% to 1000 ml of RL. If RL is not available, use 0.9% sodium chloride instead.
For ease of prescription and administration, the daily volumes and rates in drops per minute have been rounded off.
Weight |
Volume |
Rate* |
3 to < 4 kg |
350 ml/24 h |
16 drops/min |
4 to < 5 kg |
450 ml/24 h |
18 drops/min |
5 to < 6 kg |
550 ml/24 h |
22 drops/min |
6 to < 7 kg |
650 ml/24 h |
26 drops/min |
7 to < 8 kg |
750 ml/24 h |
30 drops/min |
8 to < 9 kg |
850 ml/24 h |
36 drops/min |
9 to < 11 kg |
950 ml/24 h |
40 drops/min |
11 to < 14 kg |
1100 ml/24 h |
46 drops/min |
14 to < 16 kg |
1200 ml/24 h |
50 drops/min |
16 to < 18 kg |
1300 ml/24 h |
54 drops/min |
18 to < 20 kg |
1400 ml/24 h |
58 drops/min |
Weight |
Volume |
Rate* |
Rate |
20 to < 22 kg |
1500 ml/24 h |
62 drops/min |
20 drops/min |
22 to < 26 kg |
1600 ml/24 h |
66 drops/min |
22 drops/min |
26 to < 30 kg |
1700 ml/24 h |
70 drops/min |
24 drops/min |
30 to < 35 kg |
1800 ml/24 h |
74 drops/min |
26 drops/min |
≥ 35 kg |
2000 ml/24 h |
82 drops/min |
28 drops/min |
* In a paediatric infusion set, the number of drops per minute is equal to the number of ml per hour.
For example: 15 drops/min = 15 ml/hour
Ref | Notes |
---|---|
1 | Daily needs are calculated according the following formula: Children 0-10 kg: 100 ml/kg per day Children 11-20 kg: 1000 ml + (50 ml/kg for every kg over 10 kg) per day Children > 20 kg: 1500 ml + (20-25 ml/kg for every kg over 20 kg) per day Adults: 2 litres per day |