Volume expanders


Duration*

Volume

Dosage

Indications

Contra-indications

Advantages

Disadvantages

Cristalloids

Ringer Lactate NaCl 0.9%

1 to 2 hours

3 times
the estimated fluid loss

According to patient’s condition

• Hypovolaemia
• Prevention of hypotension induced by spinal anaesthesia

• None

• Free from adverse effects
• Inexpensive

• Large amounts to be infused rapidly
• Expansion of short duration

Colloids

Polygeline Modified fluid gelatin

2 to 3 hours

1 to 1.5 times
the estimated fluid loss

According to patient’s condition

• Hypovolaemia

• Allergy to gelatins

• Relatively good volume expansion

• Allergic reactions
• Expansion of short duration
• Expensive

* Length of time during which the fluid remains in the intravascular compartment after infusion.

For more information, refer to relevant fact-sheet.