Heart failure in adults

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    Heart failure (HF) is defined as the inability of the heart to maintain adequate cardiac output. 
    It is a serious condition, particularly frequent in people over 70 years. 
    There are two types:

    • chronic HF: gradual onset of signs of HF;
    • acute HF: sudden onset of life-threatening HF (cardiogenic acute pulmonary oedema or shock), in most cases in patients with known cardiopathy.