Abbreviations and acronyms

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    ACH

    Air change per hour

    AFB

    Acid-fast bacilli

    AIDS

    Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

    Amk

    Amikacin

    Amx/Clv

    Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid

    ARI

    Annual risk of infection

    ART

    Antiretroviral therapy

    ARV

    Antiretroviral

    BCG

    Bacillus Calmette-Guérin

    Bdq

    Bedaquiline

    CDC

    United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Cfz

    Clofazimine

    Cm

    Capreomycin

    CMX

    Cotrimoxazole

    CPC

    Cetylpyridinum chloride

    CPT

    Cotrimoxazole preventive therapy

    Cs

    Cycloserine

    CXR

    Chest X-ray

    DOT

    Directly observed therapy

    DR

    Drug resistance

    DR-TB

    Drug-resistant tuberculosis

    DST

    Drug susceptibility test(ing)

    E

    Ethambutol

    ECG

    Electrocardiogram

    EPTB

    Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

    Eto

    Ethionamide

    FDC

    Fixed-dose combination

    FNAC

    Fine needle aspiration cytology

    FQ

    Fluoroquinolone

    GFR

    Glomerular filtration rate

    H

    Isoniazid

    HCW

    Health care worker

    HIV

    Human immunodeficiency virus

    HPF

    High-power field

    IC

    Infection control

    IM

    Intramuscular

    Imp/Cln

    Imipenem/cilastatin

    IPT

    Isoniazid preventive therapy

    IRIS

    Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome

    IUATLD

    International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

    Km

    Kanamycin

    LFT

    Liver function test

    Lfx

    Levofloxacin

    LPA

    Line probe assay

    Lzd

    Linezolid

    MDR

    Multidrug resistance

    MDR-TB

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

    Mfx

    Moxifloxacin

    MGIT

    Mycobacteria growth indicator tube

    MODS

    Microscopic observation of drug susceptibility

    Mpm

    Meropenem

    NNRTI

    Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor

    NRTI

    Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor

    NTM

    Non tuberculous mycobacteria

    Ofx

    Ofloxacin

    PAS

    Para-aminosalicylic acid

    PCP

    Pneumocystosis

    PCR

    Polymerase chain reaction

    PI

    Protease inhibitor

    PO

    Orally (per os)

    Pto

    Prothionamide

    R

    Rifampicin

    Rfb

    Rifabutin

    RR

    Rifampicin resistance

    S

    Streptomycin

    TAT

    Turn around time

    TB

    Tuberculosis

    Thz

    Thioacetazone

    TLA

    Thin-layer agar

    TSH

    Thyroid-stimulating hormone

    TST

    Tuberculin skin test

    UVGI

    Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation

    WHO

    World Health Organization

    XDR

    Extensive drug resistance

    XDR-TB

    Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis

    Z

    Pyrazinamide