Abbreviations and acronyms

ACEangiotensin converting enzyme

ACT 

artemisinin-based combination therapy 

AFBacid-fast bacillus
ALTalanine aminotransferase
ARVantiretroviral
ASTaspartate aminotransferase

BCG 

bacillus Calmette-Guérin 

BMIbody mass index

BP 

blood pressure 

°C 

degree Celsius 

co-amoxiclavamoxicillin + clavulanic acid
co-trimoxazolesulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim
CRTcapillary refill time
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
CMVcytomegalovirus
D1 (D2, D3, etc.) Day 1 or first day (Day 2 or 2nd day, Day 3 or 3rd day, etc.)

dl 

decilitre 

gram 

HBPhigh blood pressure (hypertension)
HFheart failure

HIV 

human immunodeficiency virus 

HRheart rate

IM 

intramuscular 

IOintraosseous

IU 

international unit 

IV 

intravenous

kcalkilocalorie

kg 

kilogram 

LPlumbar puncture

million 

mg 

milligram 

ml 

millilitre 

mmHg 

millimetre of mercury 

mmol 

millimole 

MSFMédecins Sans Frontières
NSAIDnonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
ORSoral rehydration solution or salts
PCPpneumocystosis

PO 

per os – oral administration 

POCUSpoint-of-care ultrasound
RRrespiratory rate
SAMsevere acute malnutrition

SC 

subcutaneous

SMXsulfamethoxazole
SMX + TMPsulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim = co-trimoxazole
SpO2arterial blood oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry

tab 

tablet 

TB 

tuberculosis 

TMPtrimethoprim

TT 

tetanus toxoid 

WHO 

World Health Organization