Abbreviations and acronyms

ACE angiotensin converting enzyme

ACT 

artemisinin-based combination therapy 

AFB acid-fast bacillus
ARV antiretroviral

BCG 

bacillus Calmette-Guérin 

BMI body mass index

BP 

blood pressure 

°C 

degree Celsius 

co-amoxiclav amoxicillin + clavulanic acid
co-trimoxazole sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim
CRT capillary refill time
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CMV cytomegalovirus
D1 (D2, D3, etc.)  Day 1 or first day (Day 2 or 2nd day, Day 3 or 3rd day, etc.)

dl 

decilitre 

gram 

HBP high blood pressure (hypertension)
HF heart failure

HIV 

human immunodeficiency virus 

HR heart rate

IM 

intramuscular 

IO intraosseous

IU 

international unit 

IV 

intravenous

kcal kilocalorie

kg 

kilogram 

LP lumbar puncture

million 

mg 

milligram 

ml 

millilitre 

mmHg 

millimetre of mercury 

mmol 

millimole 

MSF Médecins sans frontières
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
ORS oral rehydration solution or salts
PCP pneumocystosis

PO 

per os – oral administration 

RR respiratory rate
SAM severe acute malnutrition

SC 

subcutaneous

SMX sulfamethoxazole
SMX + TMP sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim = co-trimoxazole
SpO2 arterial blood oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry

tab 

tablet 

TB 

tuberculosis 

TMP trimethoprim

TT 

tetanus toxoid 

WHO 

World Health Organization