Abbreviations and acronyms


ACH

Air change per hour

AFB

Acid-fast bacilli

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Amk

Amikacin

Amx/Clv

Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid

ARI

Annual risk of infection

ART

Antiretroviral therapy

ARV

Antiretroviral

BCG

Bacillus Calmette-Guérin

Bdq

Bedaquiline

CDC

United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Cfz

Clofazimine

Cm

Capreomycin

CMX

Cotrimoxazole

CPC

Cetylpyridinum chloride

CPT

Cotrimoxazole preventive therapy

Cs

Cycloserine

CXR

Chest X-ray

DOT

Directly observed therapy

DR

Drug resistance

DR-TB

Drug-resistant tuberculosis

DST

Drug susceptibility test(ing)

E

Ethambutol

ECG

Electrocardiogram

EPTB

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

Eto

Ethionamide

FDC

Fixed-dose combination

FNAC

Fine needle aspiration cytology

FQ

Fluoroquinolone

GFR

Glomerular filtration rate

H

Isoniazid

HCW

Health care worker

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

HPF

High-power field

IC

Infection control

IM

Intramuscular

Imp/Cln

Imipenem/cilastatin

IPT

Isoniazid preventive therapy

IRIS

Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome

IUATLD

International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

Km

Kanamycin

LFT

Liver function test

Lfx

Levofloxacin

LPA

Line probe assay

Lzd

Linezolid

MDR

Multidrug resistance

MDR-TB

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

Mfx

Moxifloxacin

MGIT

Mycobacteria growth indicator tube

MODS

Microscopic observation of drug susceptibility

Mpm

Meropenem

NNRTI

Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor

NRTI

Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor

NTM

Non tuberculous mycobacteria

Ofx

Ofloxacin

PAS

Para-aminosalicylic acid

PCP

Pneumocystosis

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PI

Protease inhibitor

PO

Orally (per os)

Pto

Prothionamide

R

Rifampicin

Rfb

Rifabutin

RR

Rifampicin resistance

S

Streptomycin

TAT

Turn around time

TB

Tuberculosis

Thz

Thioacetazone

TLA

Thin-layer agar

TSH

Thyroid-stimulating hormone

TST

Tuberculin skin test

UVGI

Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation

WHO

World Health Organization

XDR

Extensive drug resistance

XDR-TB

Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis

Z

Pyrazinamide