■ The measles vaccine is a live attenuated virus vaccine.
■ There are few absolute contraindications to the vaccine, and the adverse effects are generally minor and transient.
■ Seroconversion appears 10 to 14 days after vaccination.
■ The seroconversion rate after one dose of vaccine ranges from 85 to 95%, depending on the age at administration.
■ Measles vaccination is included in all national immunization programmes.
■ Vaccination should be done early (starting at age 9 months). Any child not vaccinated before 1 year of age should be protected as soon as possible.
■ In certain high-risk situations (malnutrition, HIV infection, population displacement, etc.), it is recommended that children be vaccinated starting at age 6 months and given a second dose at age 9 months.
■ Administering a second dose of measles vaccine and getting high immunization coverage are essential to avoiding outbreaks.