8.1 Preparedness and response plan

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    The outbreak preparedness plan is designed by the Ministry of Health. It is updated each year before the epidemic season.


    It analyses the epidemiological situation in the country for measles (cases, deaths, EPI and campaign vaccination coverage) and identifies the zones at risk for an outbreak.


    Based on activity/assessment reports, it presents a summary of previous outbreaks (constraints, strategies, results, and lessons learned).


    It establishes the outbreak definition criteria.


    It defines the response strategies (surveillance, patient management, vaccination, public information, etc.).


    It specifies the decision-making mechanisms and responsibilities at each level.