Rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa) and rhinopharyngitis (inflammation of the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa) are generally benign, self-limited and most often of viral origin. However, they may be an early sign of another infection (e.g. measles or influenza) or may be complicated by a bacterial infection (e.g. otitis media or sinusitis).
- Nasal discharge or obstruction, which may be accompanied by sore throat, fever, cough, lacrimation, and diarrhoea in infants. Purulent nasal discharge is not indicative of a secondary bacterial infection.
- In children under 5 years, routinely check the tympanic membranes to look for an associated otitis media.
- Antibiotherapy is not recommended: it does not promote recovery nor prevent complications.
- Treatment is symptomatic:
- (a)For a child: place him on his back, head turned to the side, and instil 0.9% sodium chloride into each nostril.