Choice of infusion fluids according to indications
3 kinds of infusion fluids should be available:
– For IV rehydration: Ringer Lactate is the most suitable.
– For administration of IV drugs: 5% glucose solution and 0.9% sodium chloride solution are the most suitable.
– For volume expansion: see table next page.
Precautions for the use of infusion fluids
– Carefully read the labels on the infusion bottle to avoid mistakes.
– Indicate on the label any drugs added to the infusion as well as the patient’s name and/or bed number.
– If drugs are added to the intravenous fluid, think of the risks of:
• physical and chemical incompatibilities,
• microbial contamination: aseptic technique.
– Examine each bottle against the light to check clearness. Discard any bottles that show particles in suspension or cloudiness.