POTASSIUM CHLORIDE immediate-release oral

Prescription under medical supervision

Therapeutic action

– Potassium supplement, when immediate effect is required

Indications

– Treatment of moderate hypokalaemia

Forms and strengths

– 7.5% potassium chloride syrup (1 mmol of K+/ml)

Dosage

– Child under 45 kg: 2 mmol/kg (2 ml/kg) daily (see table below)
– Child 45 kg and over and adult: 30 mmol (30 ml) 3 times daily 

Age

Weight

7.5% syrup

< 2 months

< 5 kg

4 ml x 2

2 months to < 1 year

5 to < 10 kg

6 ml x 2

1 to < 3 years

10 to < 15 kg

12 ml x 2

3 to < 5 years

15 to < 20 kg

20 ml x 2

5 to < 7 years

20 to < 25 kg

25 ml x 2

7 to < 9 years

25 to < 30 kg

20 ml x 3

9 to < 13 years

30 to < 45 kg

25 ml x 3

≥ 13 years and adult

≥ 45 kg

30 ml x 3

Duration

– According to clinical response. Treatment of 1 to 2 days is typically sufficient when the patient is fully able to drink oral rehydration solution and can eat.

Contra-indications, adverse effects, precautions

– Reduce dosage in elderly patients and patients with renal impairment (risk of hyperkalaemia).
– Do not combine with spironolactone and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (e.g. enalapril).
– May cause: gastrointestinal ulcerations, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting, rarely hyperkalaemia.
– Administer with caution in patients with gastrointestinal ulcer (risk of gastrointestinal ulcerations).
Pregnancy: no contra-indication
Breast-feeding: no contra-indication

Remarks

– Take with or at the end meals in order to reduce the risk of gastrointestinal ulcerations.
– Hypokalaemia is defined as a serum potassium concentration below 3.5 mmol/litre.
Storage: below 25 °C