– Bronchodilator, anticholinergic drug
– Acute life-threatening asthma attack, in combination with salbutamol
Forms and strengths
– Solution for inhalation, in unit dose vial of 0.25 mg in 1 ml (0.25 mg/ml) and 0.5 mg in 2 ml (0.25 mg/ml), to be administered via a nebuliser
Dosage and duration
– Child 1 month to < 12 years: 0.25 mg per nebulisation, to be repeated every 20 to 30 minutes if necessary
– Child 12 years and over and adult: 0.5 mg per nebulisation, to be repeated every 20 to 30 minutes if necessary
Contra-indications, adverse effects, precautions
– May cause:
• throat irritation, headache, cough, vomiting;
• anticholinergic effects: dryness of the mouth, constipation, dilation of the pupils, blurred vision, urinary retention, tachycardia.
– Administer with caution to elderly patients and patients with closed-angle glaucoma, benign prostatic hyperplasia, urinary retention.
– Avoid or monitor combination with drugs known to have anticholinergic effects: tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline, clomipramine), H-1 antihistamines (chlorphenamine, promethazine), antiparkinsonians (biperiden), antispasmodics (atropine, hyoscine butylbromide), neuroleptics (chlorpromazine), etc. (increased risk of adverse effects).
– Pregnancy: no contra-indication
– Breast-feeding: no contra-indication
– Volumes of nebuliser solution to be administered are insufficient to obtain efficient nebulisation in most nebulisers: add ipratropium to salbutamol and then 0.9% sodium chloride to obtain a total volume of 5 ml in the reservoir of the nebuliser. Stop the nebulisation when the reservoir is empty, after around 10 to 15 minutes.
– Storage: below 25 °C -