- Penicillin antibacterial
- Severe bacterial infections: meningitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, postpartum upper genital tract infection, etc., in combination with other antibacterials
- Severe typhoid fever if the strain is susceptible (recent drug susceptibility test)
Forms and strengths, route of administration
- Powder for injection, in 500 mg and 1 g vials, to be dissolved in 5 ml of water for injection
- Prefer administration by slow IV injection (3 to 5 minutes) or IV infusion (30 minutes) in 0.9% sodium chloride or 5% glucose; use IM route only if correct IV administration is not possible .
- In neonates, administer only by slow IV injection or IV infusion.
Meningitis in young children, in combination with cefotaxime or gentamicin
- 0 to 7 days (< 2 kg): 100 mg/kg every 12 hours
- 0 to 7 days (≥ 2 kg): 100 mg/kg every 8 hours
- 8 days to < 1 month: 100 mg/kg every 8 hours
- Child 1 to 3 months: 100 mg/kg every 8 hours
Pneumonia and pyelonephritis, in combination with gentamicin
- 0 to 7 days (< 2 kg): 50 mg/kg every 12 hours
- 0 to 7 days (≥ 2 kg): 50 mg/kg every 8 hours
- 8 days to < 1 month: 50 mg/kg every 8 hours
- Child 1 month and over: 50 mg/kg every 6 to 8 hours
- Adult: 1 g every 6 or 8 hours (2 g every 6 hours in pyelonephritis)
Postpartum upper genital tract infection, in combination with metronidazole and gentamicin
- Adult: 2 g every 8 hours
Severe typhoid fever
- Child: 50 mg/kg every 6 to 8 hours
- Adult: 1 g every 6 to 8 hours
For administration by IV infusion, dilute each dose of ampicillin in 5 ml/kg of 0.9% sodium chloride or 5% glucose in children less than 20 kg and in a bag of 100 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride or 5% glucose in children 20 kg and over and in adults.
- According to indication and clinical response.
Change to oral treatment as soon as possible with amoxicillin or a combination of antibacterials, depending on the indication.
Contra-indications, adverse effects, precautions
- Do not administer to patients with infectious mononucleosis (risk of skin eruption) or to penicillin allergic patients.
- Administer with caution to patients allergic to cephalosporins (cross-sensitivity may occur) or patients with severe renal impairment (reduce dosage).
- May cause: skin eruption, gastrointestinal disturbances, allergic reactions sometimes severe.
- Do not combine with methotrexate (increased methotrexate toxicity).
- Pregnancy: no contra-indication
- Breast-feeding: no contra-indication
- Do not mix with another drug in the same syringe or infusion.
- Injectable amoxicillin is used for the same indications.
Once reconstituted, the solution must be used immediately.